The independence movements of Indonesia began in Early 20th century and after world war II, Indonesia achieved independence in 1949 following an armed and diplomatic conflicts with the Netherlands.
A southeast Asian country located between Indian and Pacific oceans and is one of the world’s largest island country, with more than 17,000 islands covering a total area of 1,904,569 square kilometres. Indonesia is 14th largest country by land and 7th largest in combined sea and land area and the world’s 4th most populous country, with over 261 million people and the most populous Muslim majority country. Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and the second most populous urban area in the world.
Indonesia is home to many natural resources like- oil and natural gas, tin, copper, and gold. Agriculture plays a major role in the economy of the country and mainly produces-rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medical plants, spices and rubber. Indonesia is an important region for trade since 7th century and the country’s major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.
Indonesia has a mixed economy including both private and government sector and has the world’s 16th largest economy by GDP and 7th largest by GDP at PPP.
In 2017, Tourism contributes around US$28.2 billion to GDP of Indonesia and received 14.04 million visitors. The country has many natural and cultures attractions that attracts a large number of visitors throughout the year from across the world.
Java is the biggest island of Indonesia with more than half of the country’s population.